Traumatic brain injury, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is most commonly caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain.
THE FACTS ON TBI
The severity of a TBI may range from “mild,” i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness, to “severe,” i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury.
A TBI is a serious brain injury that can occur in both non-contact and contact sports. This injury results from the rapid translational (linear front-to-back, side-to-side) or rotational (angular) movement of the multi-lobular brain within the skull. Brain injuries represent 15% of all sports-related injuries reported to high school trainers. At least one player suffers a traumatic brain injury in nearly every football game. According to TBI experts, leading academic research institutions, and an exhaustive patent search, there does not appear to be any other prevention technologies in development.
TBI BY THE NUMBERS
There are reported over 300,000 sports-related traumatic brain injuries accompanied by the loss of consciousness annually.
CDC estimates that 3.8 million TBIs occur annually in the United States alone.
At least one athlete sustains a mild TBI in nearly every football game.
Over 250,000 military personnel have been diagnosed with traumatic brain injury in the military over the past decade.